Innocent until proven guilty is the motto of the US judicial process, but there is a lot more to it than that. Knowing how the legal system works can be quite beneficial for a variety of reasons and the more knowledge you have as a citizen, the more productive you can be in your community. As you consider United States’ judicial process, the information that is shared here can help. Continue reading to learn more about the US judicial process.
One thing to know about the judicial process is that juries are involved. In civil as well as criminal cases, juries, or a panel of carefully chosen citizens are used. There is a selection process used for picking the jurors in each case.
The process also includes a plaintiff. This person is typically represented by a lawyer and is the one who starts the suit.
Then there is a defendant. This is the person or entity the plaintiff is seeking damages from. The defendant may or may not have legal representation and is a part of the suit to defend himself.
The judge is a critical part of the US judicial process. The judge decides which law or laws are involved and shares this information with the jury.
Most cases also have other people involved. If necessary, there may be witnesses who can attest to the plaintiff or defendant’s claims. There is also a bailiff who’s job is to keep order in the court.
There are others who may or may not be involved in the US judicial process. However, the more you know about the proceedings and what is involved, the better you can help your own community. This information can also be helpful if you find that you are involved in a court case.